Wednesday, 22 May 2024

Feyenoord History – All about the Club

Feyenoord Stadiums

The first thing to know about Feyenoord history is that Feyenoord is a professional football club based in Rotterdam, Netherlands, that competes in the Eredivisie, which is the top tier of Dutch football. Established in 1908 as Wilhelmina, the club has undergone several name changes, settling on SC Feyenoord in 1974 and then just Feyenoord in 1978. The club’s home stadium is Stadion Feijenoord, also known as De Kuip, which is the second-largest stadium in the country.

Feyenoord has had a successful history in Dutch football, winning 15 league titles, 13 KNVB Cups, and 4 Johan Cruyff Shields. It has also won several international titles, including one European Cup, two UEFA Cups, and one Intercontinental Cup. Feyenoord has consistently been in the top ten of the Dutch football system since 1921, which is more times than any other club in the country. The club has a large national and international following and is often called a people’s club.

Everything You Need to Know about Feyenoord

  • Full Name: Feyenoord Rotterdam
  • Nicknames: De club aan de Maas (The Club on the Meuse), De Stadionclub (The Stadium Club), De club van het volk (The Club of the People), De Trots van Zuid (The Pride of South)
  • Year of Formation: 1908
  • Place of Origin: Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Home Stadium: Stadion Feijenoord (De Kuip)
  • Chairman: Toon van Bodegom
  • Head Coach: Arne Slot
  • League: Eredivisie
  • Market Value: €183.00m

The Birth of the Club

In 1908, the football club Wilhelmina was founded in the pub De Vereeniging. The team underwent various changes of name and colors before being promoted to the National football association in 1912 and renamed SC Feijenoord. They changed their uniform to the red and white shirts, black shorts, and black socks that they still wear today. In 1917, Feijenoord was promoted to the highest level of Dutch football and moved to the Kromme Zandweg ground. Feijenoord won their first national league championship in 1924 and enjoyed a string of successes in the latter half of the decade. They won their first Dutch Cup in 1930 and continued to dominate their division with three consecutive titles but were winless in subsequent championship finals.

The Golden Era

Feijenoord successfully defended their Dutch Championship title in 1962 but lost to arch-rival Ajax in the final of the Intertoto Cup 1961-62. In 1970, Feijenoord won the European Cup by beating Celtic 2-1 in Milan. Feijenoord played a crucial match against Vasas SC in the second round of the 1962-63 European Cup. After two 1-0 victories in the first two legs, a replay was scheduled on neutral ground in Antwerp. Rinus Bennaars scored the only goal in the match, and the fans of Feijenoord and Royal Antwerp developed a friendly relationship after the events in Antwerp. In 1963, Feijenoord fans traveled to Lisbon to watch the club play Benfica in the European Cup semi-finals. Although Feijenoord lost the match 3-1, this was the beginning of the club’s most successful period. Feijenoord won the double in 1965 and again in 1969 and secured a spot in the 1965-66 European Cup.

Feyenoord history - More Success

During a match against Real Madrid, fans’ favorite Coen Moulijn was attacked by a Spanish defender. Moulijn chased the defender down the pitch, leading other players and fans to do the same. The match was suspended at 2-1 in Feijenoord’s favor, but Real Madrid won 5-0 two weeks later and eventually won the European Cup that season. Feijenoord participated in the 1969-70 European Cup as the Dutch champions. After defeating Knattspyrnufelag Reykjavikur in the first round, the club faced Milan. Feijenoord lost the first leg 1-0 in Italy but won 2-0 at home, securing a place in the quarter-finals. In the semi-finals, Feijenoord beat Legia Warszawa 2-0 on aggregate, earning their first European final. Feyenoord history saw the club face Celtic in the final and win 2-1, becoming the first Dutch team to claim a major European trophy, one of Feyenoord honors.

Feyenoord history - Unfortunate Times for the Club

Feijenoord faced Estudiantes La Plata as the reigning European champions in the Intercontinental Cup. Feijenoord won the world club crown with a 1-0 victory in Rotterdam after a 2-2 draw in the first match in Buenos Aires. In the 1970-71 European Cup, Feijenoord was eliminated in the first round by the Romanian team UTA Arad. However, Feijenoord won their 10th Dutch Championship in 1971. In 1974, Feyenoord changed its name from Feijenoord to make it easier for people outside the Netherlands to pronounce. They played in the UEFA Cup and won the final against Tottenham Hotspur, becoming the first Dutch team to win the cup. This victory led to riots from Spurs fans and introduced hooliganism to Dutch football. Feyenoord only won one more honor, the Dutch Championship in 1974, before dividing their professional and amateur sides in 1978. In 1980, Feyenoord won their fifth Dutch Cup by beating Ajax 3-1 in the final. In 1984, they had another successful season, winning the double for the third time. Key players included Johan Cruyff, Ruud Gullit, and Peter Houtman. Despite criticism, Cruyff signed with Feyenoord after Ajax did not offer him a new contract. Feyenoord history tells us that Feyenoord suffered a heavy defeat to Ajax but later defeated them twice, including in the cup final, and went on to win the league and cup double. However, after this successful season, Feyenoord experienced a lean period and struggled financially, leading to staff and sponsor issues.

Struggling

In the 1989-90 season, they struggled to avoid relegation. Feyenoord participated in the Champions League twice during the late 1990s and early 2000s. In the 1999-2000 season, the club finished second in their group, behind Rosenborg BK and ahead of Borussia Dortmund. In Feyenoord Champions League history, although they reached the second group stage, they were eliminated after losing to Chelsea and drawing with Marseille. Feyenoord participated in the Champions League again in the 2001-02 season, but this time they finished third in their group, which meant they would continue their European season in the UEFA Cup. Feyenoord’s UEFA Cup journey led them to defeat SC Freiburg and Rangers and face fellow Dutch club PSV in the quarter-finals. After drawing both matches, the game went into extra time and a penalty shoot-out, which Feyenoord won 4-2. Feyenoord then defeated Inter Milan 1-0 and drew 2-2 with them to secure a place in the UEFA Cup final against Borussia Dortmund. Feyenoord won the match 3-2, thanks to a goal by Jon Dahl Tomasson and Pierre van Hooijdonk’s two goals. In Feyenoord history, following Rotterdam’s political figure Pim Fortuyn’s assassination, the final was held amid a somber atmosphere, and the cup was not officially celebrated in the city center. This victory marked the start of a dry spell for Feyenoord, which lasted several years. In the 2002-03 season, the club finished third in the Eredivisie and reached the KNVB Cup final, where they were defeated 1-4 by Utrecht. However, Feyenoord struggled in both the Eredivisie and KNVB Cup in the following years.

A Terrible Defeat Against PSV

The 2005-06 season proved to be another disappointment for Feyenoord as they were unable to win the Dutch championship, finishing second to PSV. In the newly created Dutch playoffs, they lost to Ajax, which meant they missed out on a place in the Champions League. During the 2006-07 season, Feyenoord experienced a series of setbacks. Two of their star players left for other teams, and despite reassurances from the club’s chairman that the club was financially healthy, it was revealed that Feyenoord was actually in a dire financial state. The supporters grew increasingly angry when the club bought a poorly performing backup striker from their arch-rivals, Ajax, to replace Dirk Kuyt. In Feyenoord history, we read that the situation became so dire that the chairman was forced to resign, and Feyenoord was banned from European competition due to hooliganism. Despite the club’s efforts to reform and make high-profile signings, they still underperformed in the Eredivisie, finishing in sixth place. However, they did manage to win the KNVB Cup and appointed a new manager for the following season. The 2008-09 season was a significant one for Feyenoord, as they celebrated their 100th anniversary with various events and brought back their old “golden logo.” They also held a special tournament featuring Borussia Dortmund, Tottenham Hotspur, and Celtic, all of whom they had faced in the European Cup finals. However, midway through the season, the team’s manager was sacked due to poor league results, and his assistant took over. The team’s performance did improve somewhat under his leadership, and they were able to secure a spot in the playoffs for the final Dutch Europa League slot. They also celebrated their 100th anniversary and brought back an old logo, which likely pleased many fans.

The Eredivisie Champions After 18 Years

In the 2009-2010 season, Feyenoord hired former assistant manager and footballer Mario Been as the new head coach and former manager Leo Beenhakker as technical director. Feyenoord lost valuable players Leroy Fer, Georginio Wijnaldum, and Andre Bahia but restocked with players mostly from their own youth academy, as well as two loaned players. Feyenoord started the season strong, placing second in the Eredivisie at the end of the season and securing the third qualifying round for Champions League football. On December 16, 2011, Feyenoord was placed in a more favorable financial category by the KNVB, meaning they were no longer in debt. They achieved this through the transfer of key players and a significant injection of capital from VVF (Friends of Feyenoord). Feyenoord needed to earn at least 65 points to remain in this category. In Feyenoord history, on April 13, 2012, Feyenoord was officially placed in the second category and out of financial danger, which was earlier than expected. Feyenoord continued their policy of only signing players who were out of contract or available for a low transfer fee for the 2012-13 season. Only two players, Harmeet Singh and Lex Immers, were signed for a transfer fee. On July 2, 2012, Karim El Ahmadi transferred from Feyenoord to Aston Villa, and Feyenoord captain Ron Vlaar sought to leave the club. Villa did not contact Vlaar, and he eventually signed with them after agreeing to personal terms and passing a medical. Stefan de Vrij became the new captain of Feyenoord, and Jordy Clasie became vice-captain. Feyenoord was eliminated from the Champions League in August 2012 after losing both legs to Dynamo Kyiv, which caused them to be demoted to the UEFA Europa League play-off round. Coach Ronald Koeman expressed his belief that Feyenoord played better than their opponents but lacked a scoring striker, referring to John Guidetti, who had returned to Manchester City following the end of his loan.

Still Trying to Get Back Up

Feyenoord was knocked out of the Europa League qualifier after losing 2-0 to Sparta Prague, which meant that they would not be participating in European football in the 2012-2013 season. Graziano Pelle and Wesley Verhoek were brought in on loan to replace Jerson Cabral, and Feyenoord finished third in the league behind Ajax and PSV. In Feyenoord history, the 2013-2014 season saw Feyenoord record its worst start in history with three consecutive losses, but the team recovered and performed inconsistently throughout the season. Despite this, they remained in the title race and finished second, four points behind Ajax. Feyenoord was eliminated from the Europa League in the third qualifying round by Kuban Krasnodar, marking their fifth consecutive season without European football. Coach Koeman resigned at the end of the season, and Fred Rutten was appointed as the new manager for the 2014-2015 season. In the summer of the 2014-2015 season, Feyenoord lost four key players to other clubs and signed several new players to replace them. Daryl Janmaat, Stefan de Vrij, Bruno Martins Indi, and Graziano Pellè all left the club, and Kenneth Vermeer, Karim El Ahmadi, Colin Kazim-Richards, and other players were brought in to replace them. Feyenoord had a slow start to the 2014-15 Eredivisie season with just five points after four matches, but they were successful in reaching the Europa League group stage after losing to Besiktas in the third qualifying round of the Champions League. They defeated Zorya Luhansk in the final qualifying round of the Europa League play-off, which was a 5-4 aggregate score.

Finally Some Good Results

Feyenoord had their first victory in the Europa League group stage in eight years with a 2-1 win against Standard Liege. They beat Rijeka and defending champions Sevilla, which allowed them to progress to the knockout round for the first time in ten years. Feyenoord lost to Roma 3-2 on aggregate in the knockout round. Feyenoord did not recover after this loss and ended the year in the fourth spot, behind AZ. Giovanni van Bronckhorst became the new manager after Fred Rutten opted not to extend his contract. In Feyenoord history, the team won its 12th KNVB Cup on 24 April 2016, after eight years without any prizes. In the Eredivisie, Feyenoord came third behind Ajax and champions PSV. The 2016-17 season started well, with Feyenoord winning their first nine league matches and beating Manchester United 1-0 in the Europa League. However, their European campaign ended after losses to Manchester United and Fenerbahce. They booked big victories in the Eredivisie, including a 6-1 defeat against Sparta and 0-4 against AZ. Feyenoord ended the year at the top of the league table with a 5-point lead to second place Ajax. Feyenoord had a strong start to the second half of the 2017 season, winning their first seven league games. They suffered a loss to Vitesse in the KNVB Cup but recovered quickly and won against PSV due to an own goal. They then suffered a loss to Sparta but won against AZ and SC Heerenveen.

The Eredivisie Champions After 18 Years

Feyenoord’s lead was decreased to one point after losing to Ajax and drawing against PEC Zwolle, but they extended their lead to four points after two more victories and a loss for Ajax. They could have become champions a week before the end of the competition but lost to Excelsior. However, they won the final game of the season against Heracles with the help of team captain Dirk Kuyt, who scored all three goals. Feyenoord history shows that Feyenoord became champions for the first time in 18 years and qualified for the UEFA Champions League group stage. They did not win the Dutch championship again but won the Dutch Cup. In the 2021-22 season, Feyenoord participated in the UEFA Europa Conference League and reached the final but lost to Roma.

Feyenoord Stadiums

Feyenoord Stadiums

The Feijenoord Stadion, also known as De Kuip, is a famous football stadium in Rotterdam’s IJsselmonde district. It was built in 1937 and has 51,117 seats, making it one of the major European stadiums. De Kuip has hosted a record ten finals of UEFA club competitions, including the 2002 UEFA Cup Final, which was won by Feyenoord. The stadium is not owned by the club but rather operates as a separate organization. Over the years, De Kuip has hosted various events, including boxing and motorcycle speedway races, and it gained popularity among fans during the post-war period. Feyenoord’s win over Borussia Dortmund in the 2002 UEFA Cup final was the latest of ten European finals hosted at De Kuip. In 2006, Feyenoord announced plans to build a new stadium with a capacity of approximately 90,000 seats. The stadium was expected to be completed by 2016 and would have been located on the Nieuwe Maas river in Rotterdam.

A New Stadium Maybe?

A New Stadium Maybe?

The club hoped to make it a true football stadium with seats close to the pitch, and it would have had a retractable roof to host other events. However, the plans were put on hold due to financial difficulties and the Netherlands not being chosen to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup. In 2012, Feyenoord confirmed plans to build a new 63,000 all-seater stadium, which would have cost around €300 million. However, many fans were against the demolition of De Kuip and instead preferred a renovation of the current stadium, which would have cost only €117 million. In 2016, Feyenoord announced their plans for a new stadium called Feyenoord City, with a capacity of around 65,000 seats. Despite the council approving the plans, many Feyenoord supporters were once again against it. In May 2022, the director of Stadion Feyenoord announced that Feyenoord City would not be feasible due to financial difficulties and that a major renovation of Stadion Feyenoord would also be out of the question for the time being. Regarding Feyenoord mascot history, as far as we are aware, the club has yet to introduce its official mascot as of 2023, if ever.

Feyenoord Rivalries History

Feyenoord Rivalries History

The football club Ajax from Amsterdam and Feyenoord are bitter rivals with a long history. The matches between the two clubs are known as the Klassieker and are considered to be the biggest matches of the season. The rivalry is not just between the teams but also between the cities of Amsterdam and Rotterdam, which have different attitudes and cultures. The rivalry has sometimes led to clashes between the supporters of both clubs, including some violent incidents. Rotterdam has several professional teams, including Sparta Rotterdam and Excelsior, but the rivalry between Sparta and Feyenoord is not as intense as the one between Feyenoord and Ajax. The Sparta-Feyenoord rivalry started in the 1910s and 20s when Feyenoord was seen as the club for the people, and Sparta was seen as the club for the elite. Feyenoord also has a rivalry with Tottenham Hotspur due to violent clashes between their supporters.

Feyenoord Kit History

Feyenoord Kit History

Feyenoord’s kit and crest have become iconic symbols of the club’s history and identity. The club’s home kit has been a red and white striped shirt, black shorts, and black socks for a very long time without any changes, a fact in Feyenoord jersey history. Feyenoord’s away kit typically features black and purple colors. Adidas has manufactured the club’s kits since the 2014-2015 season and have featured sponsor logos from a variety of companies over the years.

Feyenoord Badge History

Feyenoord Badge History

The initial emblem of Feyenoord was a white circular frame with a red-striped center, surrounded by a black outline. The club’s full name was written on the top half, and the word “Rotterdam” on the other half. Twin footballs were situated on the sides to separate the two halves. The subsequent logo featured a rectangular shape with a large letter “F” in red and white halves, with a brown football at the bottom and red letters “RV&AV” at the top. In Feyenoord logo history, we see that the club introduced a new logo in 1930, which they have been using since. It was a red-white circle with a thick black frame around it, featuring a large golden “F” in the center and “RV&AV” written in white letters above the circle, while the club’s name was written below it. In the 1956 version of the logo, the central letter was black, the black frame now had the word “Rotterdam,” and the golden outlines became dark brown. Later versions had the letter “F,” outlines, and text on the outside painted in bronze, with the outlines becoming the same color, as well as more visible. In the 70s, the logo was changed to white in many places, and the text on the outside was changed to “Sportclub Feyenoord.” The most recent variation, introduced in 2008, featured a ring broken down into two parts, red and white, with a large white “F” with a thin black outline on the forefront, positioned inside a bold black ring with the lettering “Feyenoord Rotterdam” in white. The club brought back the gold color to mark its 100th anniversary in 2008, which was once used on the logo and has been used ever since.

  • When was Feyenoord established?
    Feyenoord was established in 1908 as Wilhelmina.

  • How many league titles has Feyenoord won?
    Feyenoord has won 15 league titles.

  • What is Feyenoord’s home stadium?
    Feyenoord’s home stadium is Stadion Feijenoord, also known as De Kuip.

  • Who is Feyenoord’s current head coach?
    Feyenoord’s current head coach is Arne Slot.

  • What is Feyenoord’s market value?
    Feyenoord’s market value is €183.00m.

Feyenoord is a legendary football club with a rich history and a passionate fan base. From its early days as Wilhelmina to its current status as a top contender in the Eredivisie, Feyenoord has achieved great success on both the national and international stage. The club’s iconic home stadium, De Kuip, has witnessed countless memorable moments and continues to be a symbol of Feyenoord’s heritage. Despite facing challenges and financial difficulties at times, Feyenoord has remained resilient and always strives for greatness. As the club looks towards the future, fans can be proud of Feyenoord’s illustrious past and hopeful for even more success to come.