Wednesday, 12 Jun 2024

Colchester United History – All About the Club

Today, we delve into the rich history of Colchester United Football Club. Established in 1937, the club has a storied past that spans over nine decades. From their early days in the Southern Football League to their current standing in the EFL League Two, Colchester United has experienced triumphs, setbacks, and memorable moments that have shaped them into the club they are today.

How it Started

Colchester United’s origins can be traced back to the establishment of Colchester Town F.C. in October 1873. However, it wasn’t until September 1882 that the club officially joined a league or association as a founding member of the Essex County FA. The following season, Colchester Town won the inaugural Essex Senior Cup, defeating Braintree with a score of 3-1.

Over the years, the club underwent several changes, including alterations to their team colors and the merging of clubs to play against stronger teams. Eventually, Colchester Town faced the possibility of folding due to construction work and the emergence of Colchester Crown, a new local team. However, they secured funds to prepare a new pitch at Reed Hall for the 1902-03 season.

The club had a somewhat nomadic existence, playing at various grounds such as The Drury Field, Albert Road, and Sheepen Road, which was known as The Oval. Despite the challenges they faced, Colchester Town achieved success in various leagues and cups, showcasing their determination and passion for the sport.

In April 1909, the club moved to Layer Road, which would serve as their home for the next several decades. The pitch at Layer Road often posed challenges as it had previously been a refuse dump, with players occasionally resorting to jumping into the nearby river to clean off after matches.

Birth of Colchester United

After the end of World War I, the committee re-established the club and purchased the Layer Road enclosure. On September 2, 1937, Colchester United F.C. played their first-ever game at Layer Road, which resulted in a 6-1 victory against Bath City in the Southern League Midweek Section. Two days later, they drew 3-3 with Ipswich Town in the Southern League in front of 11,000 spectators.

Colchester United adopted the nickname ‘The U’s’ to distinguish themselves from their predecessor, Colchester Town. The popularity of Colchester United eventually led to the decline of Colchester Town, who eventually folded in December 1937.

In their early years, Colchester United experienced success, winning the Southern League championship in their second season and achieving promotions and notable cup runs. However, they also faced struggles, including re-election battles and fluctuating league positions, which tested the club’s resilience.

Entering the Football League

On June 3, 1950, a significant milestone occurred in Colchester United history as they were elected to the Football League. The club had an impressive fan base, with over 16,000 members in their Supporters Club and an average gate of 8,500. Their first-ever League game took place on August 19, 1950, resulting in a 0-0 draw against Gillingham.

Colchester United quickly established themselves in the Football League, achieving notable records such as an unbeaten streak in their first seven games, which equaled a record set by Aberdare Athletic in 1921-22. They also faced ups and downs, experiencing promotions, relegations, and notable cup runs.

Throughout their history, Colchester United has had various rivals, including Wycombe Wanderers, Southend United, Ipswich Town, and Cambridge United. These rivalries have added excitement and intensity to matches, igniting the passion of players and fans alike.

Moving to Colchester Community Stadium

Despite their successes at Layer Road, the stadium faced safety concerns and required significant upgrades. In a bid to secure the club’s financial stability, Colchester United sold Layer Road back to Colchester Borough Council in the early 1990s and leased the stadium. Plans were made for a new stadium, and the Colchester Community Stadium was constructed.

The Colchester Community Stadium, initially named the Weston Homes Community Stadium due to a sponsorship agreement, became the club’s new home in the summer of 2008. With a capacity of 10,105, the stadium has provided a modern and enjoyable matchday experience for fans.

Fan Base

Colchester United has a passionate and dedicated fan base, supported by the Colchester United Supporters Association (CUSA). The CUSA, established in 1995, is managed entirely by devoted fans who volunteer their time to support the club. Additionally, the club produces its matchday program, “We Are United,” which serves as a valuable source of information and engagement for fans.

The club has also seen the creation of fanzine publications such as “The U’sual,” “Floodlight,” “Out of The Blue,” and “The Blue Eagle,” which provide alternative voices and perspectives for fans. The presence of Eddie the Eagle, the club’s beloved mascot, adds an extra layer of fun and excitement to matchdays, representing the spirit and enthusiasm of Colchester United’s loyal fanbase.


Colchester United has seen several players etch their names into the club’s record books. Micky Cook holds the record for the most appearances, achieving 613 appearances in the league and 700 in all competitions between 1969 and 1984. Tony Adcock holds the record for the most goals in all competitions, scoring 149 goals during his time at the club.

The club has also experienced memorable victories and defeats throughout their history. Their 9-1 victory over Bradford City on December 30, 1961, remains the largest victory margin in the league, while their 8-0 defeat to Leyton Orient on December 15, 1988, stands as their largest losing margin.

Colchester United Kit History

Colchester United’s kit has evolved over the years while retaining its classic design. The club initially wore blue and white striped shirts paired with white shorts, similar to their predecessor, Colchester Town. The kit has seen minor changes, including candy stripes, blue kits with white pinstripes, and a switch to an all-white kit with a new nickname, “The Eagles,” from 1972 to 1979.

The club’s current kit features blue and white stripes, representing their traditional shirt colors. Various manufacturers, including Umbro, Adidas, Puma, and Macron, have supplied Colchester United’s kits, each leaving their unique mark on the club’s visual identity.

Colchester United Badge History

Colchester United’s badge has undergone several changes throughout the years. Initially, the club adopted the Colchester coat of arms as their crest, which remained in use until 1972. A new badge featuring a Roman eagle standard was introduced in 1972 but was not used during the 1979-1980 and 1980-1981 seasons. The badge evolved into a circular design in 1983 and transformed into a shield shape with minor updates in 1994. Since 2004, the badge has remained unchanged, featuring a golden eagle set against a blue and white striped background.

Colchester United Stadiums

Colchester United has called various stadiums home throughout their history. Layer Road, the club’s longtime home, served as their ground from 1937 to 2008. Although the club faced challenges with the aging stadium, Layer Road held many memorable moments and hosted record crowds. In preparation for their return to the third tier, Colchester United relocated to the Colchester Community Stadium in 2008. The stadium, initially named the Weston Homes Community Stadium, has a seating capacity of 10,105 and provides a modern and enjoyable experience for fans.

Colchester United Rivalries

Colchester United has rivalries with various clubs, including Wycombe Wanderers, Southend United, Ipswich Town, and Cambridge United. The intense Essex derby with Southend United, known as the Essex derby, is a highly anticipated fixture. The club competes for the Pride of Anglia award, aiming to surpass Ipswich Town and Norwich City in the rankings.

Fan Base

Colchester United boasts a passionate fan base supported by the Colchester United Supporters Association (CUSA). The club also produces its matchday program, “We Are United,” providing fans with information and engagement. Fanzine publications such as “The U’sual,” “Floodlight,” “Out of The Blue,” and “The Blue Eagle” further enrich the fan experience. Eddie the Eagle, the club’s mascot, adds an extra element of fun and excitement to matchdays.


Colchester United’s history includes several records set by players and notable victories and defeats. Micky Cook holds the record for the most appearances, while Tony Adcock holds the record for the most goals. The club has achieved memorable victories and faced challenging defeats throughout their history.


Colchester United’s history is a testament to the club’s resilience, passion, and pursuit of success over the past nine decades. From their humble beginnings to their current standing, the club’s journey has been marked by triumphs, setbacks, and memorable moments. With a loyal fan base, rich traditions, and a commitment to the sport, Colchester United continues to leave their mark on the football landscape. Visit Zerobertooficial to learn more about the club and stay updated on their latest news and events.

Frequently Asked Questions

What leagues has Colchester United played in?

Colchester United has competed in various leagues throughout their history. They have played in the Southern Football League, the Football League, and the EFL League Two, among others. Currently, they compete in EFL League Two, the fourth tier of the English football league system.

Who are Colchester United’s main rivals?

Colchester United’s main rivals are Southend United and Wycombe Wanderers. Matches against these clubs are highly anticipated and often referred to as the Essex derby.

What is Colchester United’s highest home attendance?

Colchester United’s highest home attendance was recorded during an FA Cup first-round tie against Reading on November 27, 1948. The match attracted a crowd of 19,072 spectators.

Who holds the record for the most appearances for Colchester United?

Micky Cook holds the record for the most appearances for Colchester United, with 613 appearances in the league and 700 in all competitions between 1969 and 1984.

Who is Colchester United’s leading goalscorer?

Tony Adcock is Colchester United’s leading goalscorer in all competitions, with 149 goals during his time at the club. In terms of league goals, Martyn King holds the record with 132 goals.

Where do Colchester United play their home matches?

Colchester United plays their home matches at the Colchester Community Stadium, which has a seating capacity of 10,105. The stadium, initially named the Weston Homes Community Stadium, has been the club’s home since 2008.

What is Colchester United’s current kit?

Colchester United’s current kit features blue and white stripes on the shirt, paired with blue shorts and blue socks. The kit is supplied by Macron.

Who is Colchester United’s mascot?

Colchester United’s mascot is Eddie the Eagle, who adds fun and excitement to matchdays and events. Eddie represents the spirit and enthusiasm of Colchester United’s loyal fanbase.