Thursday, 23 May 2024

Ajax: A Rich History of Success and Rivalries

The Football Club Ajax, also known as AFC Ajax, is a professional football club based in Amsterdam, Netherlands. They have a storied history, making them one of the most successful clubs in Dutch and European football.

Ajax’s Dominance in Dutch Football

Since the inception of the Eredivisie in 1956, Ajax has consistently played at the highest level of Dutch football. Alongside Feyenoord and PSV Eindhoven, they form the “big three” clubs that have dominated the competition. With 36 Eredivisie titles and 20 KNVB Cups, Ajax is historically the most successful club in the Netherlands.

European Success and International Trophies

Ajax’s success extends beyond the domestic league and cup competitions. In the 20th century, they were one of the most successful clubs in the world. In 1972, they achieved the rare feat of winning the continental treble by clinching the Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, and European Cup. They went on to win the first European Super Cup in 1973.

In their most recent international triumphs, Ajax won the 1995 Intercontinental Cup, 1995 UEFA Super Cup, and the 1995 Champions League, defeating Milan in the final. This made them one of only four teams to have won the continental treble and the Intercontinental Cup or Club World Cup in the same season/calendar year. Ajax is also one of five clubs to have won all three major UEFA club competitions.

The Rise of Total Football

Ajax’s success in the 1960s and 1970s can be attributed to the brilliance of Rinus Michels and Johan Cruyff. Michels, a former Ajax player, introduced his innovative Total Football philosophy, which became synonymous with both Ajax and the Netherlands national team. Johan Cruyff, widely regarded as the greatest Dutch footballer of all time, played a key role in implementing this style of play on the pitch.

During this period, Ajax won seven Eredivisie titles, four KNVB Cups, and three European Cups. They dominated Dutch football, winning three consecutive league titles from 1966 to 1968 and achieving their first league and cup double in the 1966-67 season. In the 1970-71 season, Ajax won their first European Cup title, firmly establishing their place among Europe’s elite clubs.

Cruyff’s Departure and the “Team Without Stars”

Johan Cruyff’s departure to Barcelona marked the end of Ajax’s era of international success. Despite winning domestic titles in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the club struggled to replicate their previous European glory. However, the 1990s brought a resurgence under the management of Louis van Gaal.

Under van Gaal, Ajax won the UEFA Cup in 1992, completing their collection of major European club competitions. The team featured young talents like Frank Rijkaard, Ronald de Boer, and Edwin van der Sar, complemented by experienced players like Danny Blind. They won the Dutch championship in 1993-94 and back-to-back titles in 1994-95 and 1995-96. In the 1994-95 season, they became the first team in Eredivisie history to go unbeaten throughout the entire season.

Recent Years and Surprising Champions League Run

In recent years, Ajax has faced challenges in maintaining their success due to the departure of key players and coaches. However, they have continued to produce talented young players through their renowned youth system.

One remarkable highlight in Ajax’s recent history was their extraordinary run in the 2018-19 UEFA Champions League. Starting from the second qualifying round, they defied the odds and defeated strong opponents to reach the semi-finals. Ultimately, they were eliminated by Tottenham Hotspur in a dramatic match, narrowly missing out on a spot in the final.

Ajax Stadiums, Badge, and Jersey History

Ajax has had a rich history of stadiums. They initially played at the Het Houten Stadion, a wooden stadium, before moving to the Olympic Stadium in 1928. In 1934, they relocated to the De Meer Stadion, which served as their home ground until 1996. The club currently plays their home matches at the Johan Cruyff Arena, a modern stadium with a retractable roof.

The club’s badge has undergone several changes throughout its history. The current logo features the head of the Greek hero Ajax and was introduced in 1928. The jersey history is also noteworthy, with the club sporting a distinct white shirt with a vertical red stripe since being promoted to the top division in 1911.

Passionate Fan Base and Rivalries

Ajax has a passionate fan base, with groups like F-Side and VAK410 generating an electric atmosphere during matches. F-Side, located behind the southern goal of the Johan Cruyff Arena, is known for their vocal support and occasional troublemaking. VAK410, situated in the upper ring of the stadium, performs various stunts to enhance the matchday experience.

In terms of rivalries, Ajax has fierce competitions with Feyenoord and PSV Eindhoven. Matches against Feyenoord, known as De Klassieker, showcase the clash between the graceful and elegant football of Ajax versus the indomitable fighting spirit of Feyenoord. The rivalry with PSV, known as De Topper, represents a battle between two competing schools of thought in Dutch football.

Ajax’s rich history, success, and passionate fan base have solidified their position as one of the most iconic football clubs in the world. They continue to set high standards on and off the pitch, relying on their renowned youth system to produce the next generation of talented footballers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: When was Ajax Football Club established?
A: Ajax Football Club was established in Amsterdam on 18 March 1900.

Q: How many Eredivisie titles has Ajax won?
A: Ajax has won 36 Eredivisie titles, making them the most successful club in the Netherlands.

Q: What is the current stadium of Ajax?
A: Ajax plays their home matches at the Johan Cruyff Arena, previously known as the Amsterdam ArenA.

Q: Who are Ajax’s main rivals?
A: Ajax has fierce rivalries with Feyenoord and PSV Eindhoven.

Q: Has Ajax ever won the UEFA Champions League?
A: Yes, Ajax has won the UEFA Champions League multiple times, with their most recent victory coming in 1995.


Ajax’s rich history, notable achievements, and passionate fan base have made them an iconic club in Dutch and European football. From the success of the Total Football era to their recent impressive Champions League run, Ajax continues to leave a mark on the footballing world. With their renowned youth system and commitment to producing talented young players, Ajax is poised to remain a force in the years to come.

For more information and updates about Ajax, visit the official Zerobertooficial website.